Historically Black colleges were founded in the United States to provide African Americans access to higher education. Church-related colleges were explicitly religious and placed great emphases on the formation of a strong moral character as well as awareness of social responsibility. Despite the profound influence of religion on historically Black universities and colleges, little research has been conducted examining this relationship. This project, conducted at Texas College, examined four aspects of historically black, church-related colleges. It looked at the overall impact of being a church-related institution, to what extent religion was taught on these campuses, the effect of a school’s religious mission on its students and church leaders’ role in the governance of these colleges. Two reports were produced from this study. In addition to providing the broader community of higher education with a brief introduction to the challenges facing black church-related colleges, these reports can aid Black college and university leaders in envisioning ways in which the role of religion can be enhanced in African American higher education.